​Why cancer treatments cause collateral damage in kids

​Why cancer treatments cause collateral damage in kids

When exposed to cancer treatment like chemotherapyand radiation, brain and heart tissues in very young children are more prone to apoptosis or programmed cell death, researchers said. Apoptosis, in which molecular signals order cells to self-destruct, plays an important role in deciding the “fate” of a developing cell. These toxic treatment stressors put young children at high risk for developing severe, long-lasting impairments in their brain, heart, the study said. But active apoptosis in the early brain “also sets the stage for extremely high sensitivity to any type of damage…

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Obesity, Weight Loss in Adolescence May Cause Permanent Bone Loss

Obesity, Weight Loss in Adolescence May Cause Permanent Bone Loss

Teenagers who are obese as well as those who lose excessive weight may both be at risk of irreparable damage to their bones, a new study has found. Obesity has been previously associated with the risk of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, but the study found that it can also affect the bone structure in childhood and adolescence. “While obesity was previously believed to be protective of bone health, recent studies have shown a higher incidence of forearm fractures in obese youth,” said lead author Miriam A. Bredella, Associate Professor at…

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Eating Meat May Cause Heart Failure in Older Women

Eating Meat May Cause Heart Failure in Older Women

Consuming high-protein diet, especially meat, may increase the risk for heart failure in women over the age of 50, a study has found. The findings showed that the rate of heart failure for women with higher total dietary protein intake was significantly higher compared to the women who ate less protein daily or got more of their protein from vegetables. While women who ate higher amounts of vegetable protein appeared to have less heart failure, the association was not significant when adjusted for body mass. “Higher calibrated total dietary protein…

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Your Love for Sugary Beverages May Cause Prediabetes

Your Love for Sugary Beverages May Cause Prediabetes

Individuals who regularly consume sugar-sweetened beverages such as soda, colas and other carbonated beverages, and non-carbonated fruit drinks such as lemonade and fruit punch, may be at an higher risk of developing prediabetes, new research has revealed. Prediabetes is a condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be Type 2 diabetes. If diagnosed early, it is reversible through lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise. “Our results suggest that high sugar-sweetened beverage intake increases the chances of developing early warning signs for Type 2 diabetes,”…

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Calcium Deposits May Cause Premature Births

Calcium Deposits May Cause Premature Births

The calcium deposits in the amniotic fluid — the fluid surrounding a foetus — is the leading cause behind the rupture of the foetal membranes, commonly known as water breaking, and lead to premature birth of a baby, a study has found. Globally, more babies than one in 10 are born preterm — birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy — and nearly one million children die each year due to complications of preterm birth, according to World Health Organization (WHO). These children may be at an increased risk of a…

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Poor Maternal Nutrition Can Cause Early Ageing of Baby’s Heart

Poor Maternal Nutrition Can Cause Early Ageing of Baby’s Heart

Children born to mothers who were undernourished during pregnancy are more likely to suffer early ageing of the heart, a research has showed. The animal study found that moderately reducing a mother’s food intake can make it more likely that the baby’s organs will show increased disease susceptibility and early ageing. These changes in the heart could contribute to decreased quality of life, decreased exercise capability, and increased vulnerability to other diseases such as diabetes and hypertension — major risk factor for heart disease and stroke, the study said. Understanding…

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Can Added Sugar in Diet Cause Heart Attack?

Can Added Sugar in Diet Cause Heart Attack?

Increased intake of food and drink with added sugar may possibly raise the risk of heart attack or myocardial infarction by about a third, in some people, a study has warned. Although sucrose occurs naturally in fruit and vegetables, most of which is consumed through added inclusion. Besides sweetened beverages, cakes and sweets, sucrose is added to many other foods — dairy products, bread and jam, the study said. “For the vast majority (of people), the consumption of added sugar does not appear to be a problem — the risk…

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Sedentary Lifestyle Leading Cause For Heart Disease In India

Sedentary Lifestyle Leading Cause For Heart Disease In India

Sedentary but fast-paced lifestyle is a leading cause for heart diseases in India, a survey conducted by Curofy, a doctors networking app, has revealed. According to the survey, cardiovascular disorders are the cause of 25 per cent deaths in India and heart disease does not affect the urban and economically strong only, it also affects the rural and underprivileged population. The survey is based on 2,230 doctors and around 22.4 per cent of them said unhealthy food habits are the culprit, leading our population to an epidemic of heart failure….

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Unknown Exposure To Second-Hand Smoke May Cause Early Death

Unknown Exposure To Second-Hand Smoke May Cause Early Death

US researchers have identified a new biomarker which revealed that known and unknown exposure to second-hand smoke may lead to an increased risk of mortality in non-smokers. Serum cotinine — a metabolite of nicotine — when used as a biological marker of exposure to second-hand smoke was found to have associations to overall and cause-specific mortality in non-smokers. Increased levels of serum cotinine in blood were significantly also associated with all types of cancers, and heart disease, the researchers said. “The study found that non-smokers are exposed to second-hand smoke…

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Brain cancer emerges as major cause for child deaths: Study

Brain cancer emerges as major cause for child deaths: Study

According to a recent research, brain cancer has taken over leukemia and has become the major cause of cancer deaths in children. The report states that pediatric cancer death rates have been dropping since the mid 1970s and describes the changes in cancer death rates among the children and teens aged between 1 to 19. Lead author Sally Curtin said, “The shift from leukemia to brain cancer as the leading site of cancer death is a noteworthy development in the history of childhood cancer as it was always leukemia until…

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