The Benefits of a Mediterranean Diet for Diabetics & HIV Patients

The Benefits of a Mediterranean Diet for Diabetics & HIV Patients

A lot has been researched and talked about the miraculous Mediterranean diet and how beneficial it can be. As the name suggests, this popular diet is typically followed in the Mediterranean countries. It is characterized by high consumption of plant-base foods, grains, vegetables, nuts and olive oil and limits the consumption of protein and unhealthy fats. This sort of a diet is known to be heart-healthy, boosts brain power and has also been linked to reduced incidence of cancer. A new study throws light on another benefit of following the Mediterranean…

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New HIV infections down, but AIDS deaths rise 35% in 3 yrs

New HIV infections down, but AIDS deaths rise 35% in 3 yrs

Deaths due to full blown AIDSin the city have jumped by nearly 35% over the last three years though the number of fresh HIV infections has shown a decline, shows figures collated by the Mumbai District Aids Control Society. They suggest that a majority of the HIV cases are detected in the 35-49 age group, indicating that awareness campaigns are probably not making early inroads. AIDS deaths rose from 945 in 2013-14 to 1,270 in 2015-16 (see box). Activists are alarmed that the year-on-year increase in fatalities has ranged from…

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Smoking may harm HIV patients more than the virus itself

Smoking may harm HIV patients more than the virus itself

Smoking may harm HIV patients more than the virus itself ( Ineke Kamps/Getty Images) Among people living with HIV who smoke cigarettes, smoking may shorten their lifespan more than HIV itself, warns a study by an Indian-origin researcher. “A person with HIV who consistently takes HIV medicines but smokes is much more likely to die of a smoking-related disease than of HIV itself,” explained study author Krishna P. Reddy of the Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School. The study suggests that making smoking cessation a priority and finding effective…

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UK scientists on verge of curing HIV?

UK scientists on verge of curing HIV?

UK scientists on verge of curing HIV? A British man could become the first person in the world to be cured of HIV using a new therapy designed by a team of scientists from five UK universities. The therapy is combining standard antiretroviral drugs with another one that reactivates dormant HIV and a vaccine that induces the immune system to destroy the infected cells. Antiretoviral drugs alone are highly effective at stopping the virus from reproducing but do not eradicate the disease, so must be taken for life. The 44-year-old…

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HIV vaccine a step closer

HIV vaccine a step closer

HIV vaccine a step closer (Getty Images) A recent study at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) shows that holes in HIV’s defensive sugar shield could be important in designing an HIV vaccine. It appears that antibodies can target these holes, which are scattered in HIV’s protective sugar or ‘glycan’ shield and the question is now whether these holes can be exploited to induce protective antibodies. Lead researcher Dennis R. Burton said, “It’s important now to evaluate future vaccine candidates to more rapidly understand the immune response they induce to particular…

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Hepatitis & HIV patients with infection at higher risk of suicide

Hepatitis & HIV patients with infection at higher risk of suicide

Hepatitis & HIV patients with infection at higher risk of suicide (MarioGuti/Getty Images) People diagnosed with Hepatitis and HIV or AIDS have high chances of committing suicide after being hospitalised with infections like viral, according to a new study. The study, published in the journal JAMA Psychiatry investigated associations between infectious diseases and the risk of death by suicide. Researchers studied those aged 15 and above and the infections were divided into categories like bacterial, viral, others and infection type such as sepsis, hepatitis, genital, central nervous system, HIV or…

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First next-gen test can detect drug-resistant HIV

First next-gen test can detect drug-resistant HIV

First next-gen test can detect drug-resistant HIV (Getty Images) A first-of-its-kind next-generation sequencing test, which can detect HIV drug resistance mutations that conventional tests fail to identify, can be a weapon in the war against AIDS, suggests a new study. Developed by researchers led by Gerd Michel, Charlie Lee and Elian Rakhmanaliev from Vela Diagnostics in Singapore, this test could play a critical role in helping clinicians to optimize HIV treatment regimens, while also helping public health initiatives to minimize the development of global resistance to antiretroviral drugs. Testing for…

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Protein that may ‘shock and kill’ HIV virus identified

Protein that may ‘shock and kill’ HIV virus identified

  Researchers have identified a protein that can potently force the latent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viruses out of hiding and poison them on their way out, leading to potential treatments for the deadly disease. The findings showed that galectin-9 — a human sugar-binding protein — reactivates latent HIV viruses and renders these infected cells visible to the immune system, in a process called the “shock and kill” HIV eradication strategy. Galectin-9 works by manipulating the sugars on the surface of HIV-infected cells to deliver the signals that force latent…

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HIV patients with undetectable virus unlikely to infect partner

HIV patients with undetectable virus unlikely to infect partner

This good news bolsters the role of HIV treatment as a form of prevention, said lead author Dr. Alison Rodger … Read More When drugs for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) suppress the virus in the blood to very low levels, patients are unlikely to infect their partners during condomless sex, suggests a new study. After following nearly 900 heterosexual and gay couples for an average of 16 months, researchers found no evidence that uninfected partners became infected after condomless sex with an HIV-positive partner with viral suppression. This good news…

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