Hope for cancer patients: Enzyme linked to colon cancer identified

Hope for cancer patients: Enzyme linked to colon cancer identified

Researchers have identified an enzyme that appears to drive the conversion of normal colon tissue into cancer by attaching sugar molecules, or glycans, to certain proteins in the cell. The research, published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, showed that the enzyme was absent in healthy colon tissue but abundant in colon cancer cells. “Our data suggest (that) this specific enzyme seems to affect a subset of proteins that could be involved in cell-cell adhesion,” said Hans Wandall from University of Copenhagen in Denmark. In other words, the glycan modifications…

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Don’t ignore oral hygiene. Severe gum disease linked to lung, colon cancers

Don’t ignore oral hygiene. Severe gum disease linked to lung, colon cancers

Do you have bad oral health? Beware, you may be at high risk of developing cancers of lung, colon and pancreas, researchers have warned. Advanced gum disease, also called periodontitis, is caused by bacterial infection that damages the soft tissue and bone that supports the teeth. The findings, led by researchers from the Tufts University in the US, showed that participants who were edentulous or lacking teeth – a sign of severe periodontitis – had an 80% increase in risk of developing colon cancer. Periodontitis is also linked with pancreatic…

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Cured meats linked to worsening asthma symptoms

Cured meats linked to worsening asthma symptoms

Eating large amounts of cured meats was linked to worse symptoms among asthma sufferers, a French study found. That was true even after taking obesity into account, the authors say. So-called cured meats have been preserved and flavored by the addition of various combinations of salt, nitrates, nitrites, and sugar. Examples of such processed meats include bacon, ham, prosciutto, corned beef, pastrami, and pepperoni. “Cured meat intake, a typical food in industrialized societies, has been associated with many chronic diseases, including lung cancer and COPD, but its association with asthma…

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Low thyroid linked to negative reproductive health of women

Low thyroid linked to negative reproductive health of women

Low thyroid functioning may be directly linked to negative impact on women’s reproductive health, medical experts here said on Monday. According to them, Hypothyroidism — when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone — is more common a cause for infertility and miscarriage in women than most of them realize. “Thyroid disorders are very common during pregnancy. Over 25 per cent women develop hypothyroidism during the 6th week. Secretion of thyroid hormone is important for both placental and foetal development and the level needs to increase by 50 per…

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Poverty, Instability Linked to Poor Control of Pregnancy Diabetes

Poverty, Instability Linked to Poor Control of Pregnancy Diabetes

Pregnant women with pregnancy-related diabetes are less likely to achieve blood sugar control if they rely on food stamps or have a generally chaotic lifestyle, according to a U.S. study. These kinds of factors may be modifiable, the authors write in Obstetrics and Gynecology. “Many social factors have a major impact on overall pregnancy health,” said Dr. Laura Colicchia, who led the study at the University of Pittsburgh and is currently in Maternal-Fetal Medicine at Abbott Northwestern Hospital in Minneapolis. About 200,000 U.S. women develop diabetes during pregnancy each year,…

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Chronic constipation linked with kidney disease

Chronic constipation linked with kidney disease

  US researchers have found an association with severe and chronic constipation and kidney disease. Constipation is a common condition, and it can have a variety of impacts on health including raising an individuals’ risk of cardiovascular disease, potentially through effects caused by gut bacteria. “Our findings highlight the plausible link between the gut and the kidneys and provide additional insights into the pathogenesis of kidney disease progression,” said Csaba Kovesdy from University of Tennessee, US. The study showed that individuals with constipation had a 13 per cent higher likelihood…

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Chronic Anxiety After Stress Linked to Immune System

Chronic Anxiety After Stress Linked to Immune System

Immune cells in the spleen can contribute to prolonged anxiety following psychological stress, new research has found. The abundance of white blood cells in the spleen could be sending messages to the brain that result in behavioural changes long after experiencing repeated stress, the study conducted in mice showed. “Our findings emphasise the possibility that the immune system represents a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of mental health conditions,” said Daniel McKim from Ohio State University in the US. In this study, the scientists determined that the immune cell…

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Sleeping Time Linked to Poor Self-Regulation Among Teens

Sleeping Time Linked to Poor Self-Regulation Among Teens

Poor self-regulation among teens is strongly associated with when one sleeps in relation to their body’s natural circadian rhythm, finds a study. According to the study, published in the journal Pediatrics, daytime sleepiness and being a night owl appear to be more strongly associated with poor self-regulation. “The results of this study suggest it is not how long you sleep that has the biggest impact on self-regulation, but when you sleep in relation to the body’s natural circadian rhythms and how impaired you are by sleepiness,” said Judith Owens, Director…

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Washington State Polio-Like Cases Linked to Rare Syndrome

Washington State Polio-Like Cases Linked to Rare Syndrome

Eight of nine children hospitalized in Washington state for a polio-like illness have a rare syndrome that causes varying degrees of limb weakness, state health officials confirmed on Friday. The eight cases from five counties in the state were determined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to be acute flaccid myelitis, also known as AFM, which affects the nervous system and specifically the spinal cord. A ninth child who died this week at Seattle Children’s Hospital, a 6-year-old boy from Bellingham, was found not to have the syndrome…

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Screen Time, Phone use Linked to Less Sleep for Teens

Screen Time, Phone use Linked to Less Sleep for Teens

Digital distractions, and a more classical one, talking on the phone, are linked to shorter sleeping time and greater daytime sleepiness for teens, Canadian researchers say. “Today’s adolescents sleep much less than previous generations, their sleep quality is poorer, and they report more daytime sleepiness, all of which have health and social consequences,” said Jennifer O’Loughlin, an author of the paper in the journal Sleep Health and researcher at the University of Montreal. At the same time, electronic media are becoming a larger part of teen’s lives and are often…

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