Cow antibodies bring hope for effective AIDS vaccine soon

Cow antibodies bring hope for effective AIDS vaccine soon

In a significant find, a team of researchers has reported for the first time elicitation of powerful, HIV-blocking antibodies in cows in a matter of weeks — a process that usually takes years in humans — paving the way for developing a broadly effective AIDS vaccine in the near future. According to the study, published in the prestigious journal Nature, the unexpected discovery in cows is providing clues for important questions at a moment when new energy has infused HIV vaccine research. “One approach to a preventive HIV vaccine involves…

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Students can opt for fully online degree courses soon

Students can opt for fully online degree courses soon

Students and working professionals will soon be able to obtain a degree online and it will be recognised by higher education regulator, the University Grants Commission. The human resource development ministry has decided to allow universities to offer such degrees and is drafting rules, official sources told HT. Once the rules are in place, institutes will be able to offer online degrees in all fields, except engineering, medicine, dental, pharmacy, nursing, architecture and physiotherapy. At present, the commission does not recognise any course offered solely through the online mode. A…

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Smoking Costs $1 Trillion, Soon to Kill 8 Million a Year – WHO/NCI Study

Smoking Costs $1 Trillion, Soon to Kill 8 Million a Year – WHO/NCI Study

Smoking costs the global economy more than $1 trillion a year, and will kill one third more people by 2030 than it does now, according to a study by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Cancer Institute published on Tuesday. That cost far outweighs global revenues from tobacco taxes, which the WHO estimated at about $269 billion in 2013-2014. “The number of tobacco-related deaths is projected to increase from about 6 million deaths annually to about 8 million annually by 2030, with more than 80 percent of these…

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GM vaccine for malaria without side effects soon

GM vaccine for malaria without side effects soon

A potent malaria vaccine with virtually no side-effects has cleared clinical trials. The new “highly protective” malaria vaccine was successful in humans and can pave the way for treatment of other parasitic diseases. Scientists from the US genetically engineered the plasmodium parasite that causes the disease, after being passed on from mosquitos, to remove three genes that lead to infection. Although they can’t multiply , they live in the liver and stimulate the body’s defences to repel a real infection. Plasmodium parasites first infect the liver and then blood, leading…

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​Combat anti-microbial resistance soon with smartphones

​Combat anti-microbial resistance soon with smartphones

  Combat anti-microbial resistance soon with smartphones (Getty Images) A team of US researchers has developed a diagnostic test for anti-microbial resistance using a smartphone that can help people in remote areas with limited resources conduct routine testing for antimicrobial susceptibility. Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria are responsible for high-mortality diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhea and sepsis. The team from the University of California – Los Angeles (UCLA) built a simple and inexpensive smartphone attachment that can conduct automated anti-microbial susceptibility testing. “This work is important and timely, given that drug-resistant bacteria are…

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Soon, Hand-Held ‘Breathalyser’ to Diagnose Diabetes

Soon, Hand-Held ‘Breathalyser’ to Diagnose Diabetes

Soon, Hand-Held ‘Breathalyser’ to Diagnose Diabetes Oxford researchers have developed a new, portable breath analyser that could someday help doctors diagnose diabetes without painful pinpricks, needles or other unpleasant methods. Many studies examining the hallmarks of diabetes in exhaled breath have shown that elevated levels of acetone are strongly linked to diabetes. Detecting the concentrations of any given substance in breath in a simple way, however, is a major challenge. Breath contains a complex mix of compounds, including water, carbon dioxide and methane, that can throw results off. Mass spectrometry…

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Contact Lenses May Soon Monitor Glucose Levels

Contact Lenses May Soon Monitor Glucose Levels

Diabetes patients may soon be able to monitor their blood sugar with contact lenses – spelling an end to painful jabs – thanks to scientists who have developed a transparent sensor. The sensor developed by the researchers from Oregon State University (OSU) in the US, uses a nanostructured transistor that can detect subtle glucose changes in physiological buffer solutions, such as the tear fluid in eyes. Researchers in the OSU said the nanostructured transistor is specifically an amorphous indium gallium oxide field effect transistor (IGZO FET). The sensors they fabricated…

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Soon, Google maps for the body

Soon, Google maps for the body

Scientists launched a global initiative on Friday to map out and describe every cell in the human body in a vast atlas that could transform researchers’ understanding of human development and disease. The atlas, which is likely to take more than a decade to complete, aims to chart the types and properties of all human cells across all tissues and organs and build a reference map of the healthy human body, the scientists said. Cells are fundamental to understanding the biology of all health and disease, but scientists cannot yet…

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Ignoring a Minor Stroke Ups Risk for More Strokes Soon After

Ignoring a Minor Stroke Ups Risk for More Strokes Soon After

People who have a minor stroke – or even a mini-stroke – are at serious risk for further strokes in the next few days, but many people delay going to the hospital because they do not recognize the symptoms, UK researchers warn. Often for these kinds of stroke, experts recommend surgery within 48 hours to unclog a major artery that supplies blood to the brain. People may not realize that vision problems can be an indicator of stroke, which can add to the delay in treatment, the researchers write in…

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WhatsApp May Soon Get a New Font

WhatsApp May Soon Get a New Font

WhatsApp is testing the use of a new font in its beta clients for Android and iOS. It is uncertain when the font, called ‘FixedSys’ by users for its likeness to Microsoft’s font of the same name, will roll out to the stable clients for Android and iOS. Users of WhatsApp v2.16.179 beta for Android, which is available via Google Play’s beta program, are seeing the new font, and so are users of the iOS beta reportedly. All users have to do to use the new monospaced Fixedsys font, which…

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