What does weight loss really depend on: Diet, genes or insulin levels?

What does weight loss really depend on: Diet, genes or insulin levels?

A precision nutrition approach to weight loss didn’t hold up in a study testing low fat versus low carb depending on dieters’ DNA profiles. Previous research has suggested that a person’s insulin levels or certain genes could interact with different types of diets to influence weight loss. Stanford University researchers examined this idea with 600 overweight adults who underwent genetic and insulin testing before being randomly assigned to reduce fat or carbohydrate intake. Gene analyses identified variations linked with how the body processes fats or carbohydrates, which the researchers thought…

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Insulin cells under skin could save diabetics from jabs

Insulin cells under skin could save diabetics from jabs

Scientists have created artificial cells that act as sugar sensorsand insulin producers, an advance that may spell an end to painful needle jabs to monitor blood glucose levels, making the everyday life of diabetics easier. Researchers have used the simplest approach yet to produce artificial beta cells from human kidney cells. The therapy involves a capsule of genetically engineered cells implanted under the skin that automatically release insulin as required. Diabetic mice that were treated with the cells were found to have normal blood sugar levels for several weeks. Previous…

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Insulin, hepatitis B shots may get cheaper

Insulin, hepatitis B shots may get cheaper

Scientists at Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh, have for the first time in India developed indigenous technology to produce protein-based medicines like insulin, streptokinase (clot buster) and the hepatitis B vaccine. They expect this to cut the cost of these medicines by 3-4 times. India is largely dependent on imported and patented technology (expression vector) for production of insulin, streptokinase and hepatitis B etc. The importance of IMTECH’s work can be gauged from the fact that India is No.2 in the world after China in diabetes and hepatitis B patients:…

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High Levels of Insulin Affect Lungs: Study

High Levels of Insulin Affect Lungs: Study

High levels of insulin are bad for lungs and for Indians who have the lowest lung function, the focus should be on improving diet and lifestyle to tackle pre-diabetes and diabetes, according to a study. In the study, a team of experts from India, Europe and the US looked into the connection between insulin levels and impaired lung structure & function. Raised insulin is a strong marker of future diabetes. “Most people use insulin raising strategies to improve blood glucose in diabetes, without considering what the side effects of higher…

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