Cancer rarely affects elephants, here’s the real reason behind it

Researchers have identified a “zombie” gene that protects elephants from cancer, a finding that may pave the way for a new treatment for humans. Globally, nearly 1 in 6 human deaths occur due to cancer, whereas less than 5% of captive elephants — who also live for about 70 years, and have about 100 times as many potentially cancerous cells as humans — die of the disease. Humans and elephants have one copy of the master tumour suppressor gene p53, which recognises unrepaired DNA damage — a precursor of cancer and…

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Parkinson’s disease, this new virus could be the reason behind it

According to the study conducted by the American Society for Microbiology, bacteriophages play a certain role in the onset of Parkinson’s disease (PD). The researchers, led by George Tetz, showed that the abundance of lytic Lactococcus phages was higher in PD patients when compared to healthy individuals. This abundance led to a 10-fold reduction in neurotransmitter-producing Lactococcus, suggesting the possible role of phages in neurodegeneration. Comparative analysis of the bacterial component also revealed significant decreases in Streptococcus spp. and Lactobacillus spp. in PD. Lactococcus are regulators of gut permeability and…

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Extreme heat and cold could be the reason for increasing workplace accidents

Turns out, hot and cold weather has a major impact on your injuries at the workplace. According to a study conducted by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health, moderate and extreme ambient temperatures increase the risk of occupational accidents. The study analysed data on nearly 16 million occupational injuries that occurred in Spain over a 20-year period. Heat and cold are believed to be associated with a higher risk of occupational injury, but the existing scientific evidence consists of only a handful of studies with a small number of cases…

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Ladies, hormones are not the only reason you crave chocolate during your periods

Many women would know the intense feeling of craving chocolate during those monthly days when the disaster of nature strikes. All you could think of is chocolate, pampering, and conditioning. The little indulgence in the form of chocolate helps keep your mind off of stomach cramps and breakouts. Not many women are aware why they specifically crave chocolate during their Bloody-Mary days. According to The Independent, many people believe that it all bottles down to hormonal imbalances during your period. As progesterone and estrogen levels drop at the beginning of…

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There’s a reason why antidepressants don’t work for everyone

Researchers from University Medical Center Mainz and the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry in Germany developed a mouse model that allowed them to identify blood signatures associated with response to antidepressant treatment and could show the importance of the stress-related glucocorticoid receptor in recovery from depression. Major depression is the leading cause of disability according to the World Health Organization, affecting an estimated 350 million people worldwide, but only one-third of patients benefit from the first antidepressant prescribed. Although the currently available treatments are safe, there is significant variability in…

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Vishal Sikka says no reason to stay on at Infosys after Nandan Nilekani’s return

A day after Nandan Nilekani returned to Infosys as chairman, former CEO Vishal Sikka said on Friday he had offered to leave with immediate effect as he saw no reason to continue in the company. Sikka’s resignation as CEO last week escalated the tensions between the founders and the management of India’s second largest software company. He was then named vice chairman. On Thursday, chairman R Seshasayee quit from his post along with two other directors and Sikka, who also tendered his resignation from the board. “With Nandan coming it,…

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A reason to wake up helps us sleep better

The secret to a good night’s sleep is having a reason to wake up in the morning, say scientists. A team of researchers, including a team from Northwestern University in the US, has said that older adults who felt their lives had meaning were 63% less likely to have sleep apnoea – a disorder that occurs when a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep. According to the researchers, these people were also 52% less likely to have the restless leg syndrome, and had moderately better sleep quality. Although the participants in the…

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What’s your reason to wake up every morning?

It’s Sunday. You can wake up just to go back to bed today. But tomorrow is quite another matter. ‘I love Mondays’, said nobody ever. Though if you ask the Japanese, they’ll seem less worried. Monday, Tuesday, Friday or any day, they have their ikigai in place. What’s that? In simple terms, it’s your reason for being or the reason to wake up every morning. Now you may ask, why do we need one on an everyday basis? Because as per the Japanese — and they are known to be wise and grounded…

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Another Reason to Never Eat Fast Food Again (That Has Nothing to Do With Fat)

Add this to the list of reasons a drive-thru meal isn’t good for you: the paper it comes packaged in may contain chemicals linked to serious health problems, according to a new study. The Silent Spring Institute, the Environmental Working Group (EWG), and the Green Science Policy Institute teamed up with researchers at the University of Notre Dame and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to analyze more than 400 wrappers and containers from 27 fast-food chains throughout the country. About half the wrappers tested contained flourine, a marker for fluoridated compounds known as per- and polyfluoroalkyl…

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Another reason not to smoke while pregnant

Women who smoke during pregnancy may be more likely to have children with kidney damage than mothers who steer clear of cigarettes, a study suggests. Smoking during pregnancy has long been linked to preterm and underweight babies and a wide range of birth defects. The current study offers fresh evidence that the kidneys are among the organs at risk for damage, said lead author Dr. Maki Shinzawa, a public health researcher at Kyoto University in Japan. “Cigarette smoking releases nicotine and other harmful or potentially harmful substances, such as nitrogen…

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