Examining the Global Maternal Mortality Ratio: Challenges and Solutions

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Maternal mortality, defined as the death of a woman during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, is a critical indicator of the health status of women in a society. It is widely regarded as one of the most severe health inequalities that exist today. Despite a steady decline in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in recent years, this remains an ongoing problem globally, especially in low- and middle-income countries. In this article, we will examine the challenges and solutions surrounding the global maternal mortality ratio.

Challenges of Maternal Mortality Ratio

  1. Lack of Access to Health Services

The most significant challenge in reducing maternal mortality is the lack of access to essential health services, particularly in rural areas. Access to skilled medical professionals, adequate equipment and medication, and proper health infrastructure are all crucial for the prevention of maternal deaths. Unfortunately, many women do not have access to such facilities due to poverty, geographic isolation, and discrimination.

  1. Inadequate Health Care Systems

Inadequate health care systems are another major challenge in reducing maternal mortality. Many developing countries suffer from weak health systems that lack essential resources and infrastructure to provide quality care to pregnant women. Limited funding, poorly trained health workers, and a lack of information on maternal health contribute to this problem.

  1. High Fertility Rates

High fertility rates can also pose a challenge in reducing maternal mortality. Women who have many children are at higher risk of maternal death due to the strain on their bodies during pregnancy and childbirth. Family planning programs, access to contraceptives, and education on family planning can help to reduce maternal mortality by allowing women to control their fertility.

Solutions to Maternal Mortality Ratio

  1. Improving Access to Health Services

Improving access to essential health services is a critical step in reducing maternal mortality. This can be achieved through the provision of skilled medical professionals, adequate equipment and medication, and proper health infrastructure. Health services must be made more accessible to rural areas and disadvantaged communities to ensure that no woman is left behind.

  1. Strengthening Health Care Systems

Strengthening health care systems is vital in reducing maternal mortality. Health care systems need to be adequately funded, and health workers must be trained to provide quality care to pregnant women. Additionally, health information systems should be improved to ensure that accurate data is collected and used to inform decision-making.

  1. Promoting Family Planning

Promoting family planning is another critical solution to reducing maternal mortality. Access to contraceptives and education on family planning can help women to control their fertility and reduce the number of pregnancies they have. This can significantly reduce the risk of maternal mortality and improve the health of mothers and children.


Maternal mortality remains a significant challenge globally, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Addressing the challenges of inadequate access to health services, weak health care systems, and high fertility rates is crucial in reducing maternal mortality. To achieve this, there is a need to invest in health systems, strengthen health care delivery, and promote family planning. By doing so, we can ensure that every woman has access to quality maternal health care, and no woman dies due to preventable causes related to pregnancy or childbirth.

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